Employment Law of United Kingdom

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Employment Law essentially protects employees against unscrupulous jobs. There are a number of employment laws. Some of them are summarized as follows: –

The Equality Act 2010

This prevents people from being discriminated against on the basis of sex, race, color, nationality, ethnicity, sexuality, disability, etc. They must be remunerated in the same way and have the same opportunities.

Employment Rights Act 1996

The company does not need to give a written employment contract to a worker, but they must provide a statement of particulars (often in the form of a personnel manual) within eight weeks of the start of work. This declares: –

  • Job title
  • The hours the person has to work
  • Job details
  • When the worker will be paid
  • What deductions will be taken from the payroll
  • How much notice must be given to terminate the contract
  • All disciplinary rules

The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974

The law makes the employer responsible for protecting the worker from dangers in the workplace. These responsibilities include the provision of safety equipment, washing facilities, toilets and adequate breaks.

National Minimum Wage Act 1998

This was introduced to prevent workers from being exploited by employers. This Law establishes a minimum wage system across the UK. It applies to workers, that is, anyone who has a contract to perform work personally, other than for a client or client

The following rates apply from April 2020: –

  • For workers aged 25 and above: – £ 8.72 per hour
  • For workers aged between 21  to 24 – £ 8.20 per hour
  • For workers aged between 18 to 20: – £ 6.45 per hour
  • For workers aged under 18: – £ 4.55 per hour
  • For apprentices under 19 or over and in the first year of apprenticeship: – £ 4.15 per hour