Section 320 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 identifies the following types of injuries as grievous and provides for more severe punishments in such cases. In the case of a grievous hurt, the injury inflicted is only life threatening, but in the case of culpable homicide not amounting to murder, the injury is likely to cause death. To establish the offense of grievous hurt, there must be a specific injury, inflicted deliberately, and must fall under one of the following: –
This is life threatening or causes the patient to be for twenty days in severe pain in the body or unable to carry out normal activities. It is to be noted that the inuries affecting a large area, especially the trunk, are particularly dangerous to life.
Emasculation involves removing both the penis and the testicles, the male external sexual organs. It differs from castration, which involves only removing the testicles.
If the injuries are on the head or face, especially if the crown skin is affected to any depth, permanent disfigurement of the head or face is likely to be a consequence.
Permanent privation of hearing in either ear, of the sight of either eye or of any limb or joint, or permanent destruction or impairment of the powers of any limb or joint, or permanent disfigurement of the head.
A permanent impairment of the powers of a limb or of a joint is particularly likely to occur as a result of the contraction of the cicatrices in severe burns in the vicinity of the joints.
Bone fracture is a medical condition where the constancy of the bone is smashed.
Dislocation is an injury to a joint, a place where two or more bones join together in which the ends of bones are compelled out of their original position.
Loss of joint or limb
It is the deprivation of any member, section or joint, disabling person with a lifelong misery. Here, the word member does not mean anything more than an organ or a limb.