Spain was once transcendently seen as a nation of wanderers and in this way centered around the guideline of nationals leaving the country, while immigration enactment stayed fragmentary. This pattern switched over the twentieth century, as Spain saw more immigration than the emigration and, since the turn of the century, four migration laws have been presented and the administrative system has altered.
The Organic Law 4/2000 on the privileges and liberties of foreign nationals in Spain was presented on 11 January 2000, extending the privileges of immigrants and building up an overall standard of equity with Spanish residents. This was a huge change to the law. The non-European residents should have a work and residence visa to live and work in Spain. Coming up next are the principle sorts of visa gave under Article 25 of Organic Law 4/2000 and its carrying out guidelines, embraced by Royal Decree 557/2011:
- transit visa, which empowers travel through the worldwide travel region of a Spanish airport or through Spanish area,
- short-stay visa, for a continuous stay or progressive stays for a period or amount of periods not surpassing three months for every term from the entry’s first date,
- residence visa, enabling residence only, with no activity of work or expert exercises,
- residence and work visa, enabling working residence for up to a limit of a quarter of a year,
- residence and seasonal work visa, enabling working residence for a staff for as long as nine months in a time of 12 successive months,
- study visa, enabling residence for study, training or research aims, student exchanges, placements with no work or volunteer services with no compensation for work, and
- research visa, enabling residence while exploring projects of research inside the system of a hosting agreement endorsed with a research organisation.
Then again, for nationals of EU Member States and partner nations of the Schengen Agreement, Regulation (EC) No. 810/2009 controls the Schengen visa, which empowers entry and exit and free moving inside the Schengen Area from any of the Schengen Area Member States.
Furthermore, Law 14/2013 of 27 September 2013 on supporting businessmen and their internationalization, presented new kinds of visa, including resident visas for the: –
- capital financial backers,
- acquisitions of land,
- business people and business action,
- profoundly qualified experts,
- research or training purposes;,
- business moves, and