Psychiatric School of Criminology

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The psychiatric school is a continuation of the Lombrosian school. The main theory of this school was that a certain organization of the personality developed entirely apart from the criminal culture would result in criminal behavior regardless of social situations. The school pointed out that the delinquent personality is formed during the first years of a child’s life. If a body is not socialized in a way that suits social needs, it will come into conflict with society because he/she could not adapt to the problems of leaving the pleasures of childhood for the reality of adult life.

Raffaele Garofalo was a student of Lombroso and rejected the doctrine of free will. He tried to formulate a sociological definition of crime. He designated those acts which no civilized society can refuse to recognize them as criminal acts and designated them as natural crimes, that is, offenses violating altruistic feelings, for example honesty and pity. He said the crime was an immoral act and harmful to society.

His classification of crimes are: –

  • Endemic criminal
  • Violent criminal
  • Sentiments lacking criminal
  • Lascivious criminal

Enrico Ferri was also a pupil of Lombroso. According to his thesis, the theory of imputability and the denial of free will which was an attack on the idea of free will theory. He has therefore become a sort of trash bin for a chronically unadjusted category of individuals, and an easy explanation of the crime by affixing a label that explains nothing.

The epileptic is prone to sudden convulsions in which there is complete loss of consciousness known as grandma. Before and after these attacks, there is probably a lot of impulsive behavior, a lack of social adaptability, vanity and self-confidence, out of proportion to accomplishments, mood and egocentricity, moral atrophy, general blurring of thought and judgment and optimism about their condition, causing them to face situations they cannot cope with.

Electroencephalography is a new tool that promises to add much to our understanding of epilepsy, organic brain diseases, and psychopathic states related to criminal behavior. The electrical energy of clumps of cells in the cortex of the brain can be amplified and irregularities in their frequency, duration, amplitude, to diagnose some types of epilepsy, locate brain tumors, and detect brain damage or disease. In psycho motor epilepsy, the patient may exhibit impaired judgment, lack of inhibition, and unsocial behavior.