Role of DPD in Indonesian Legal System

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The Council of Representatives of the Regions is called DPD (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah). The DPD is made up of representatives of the provinces who are elected in general elections. Each province has 4 DPD members. Members of the DPD must be residing in the electorate from which they are elected and made obligatory to represent. It is essential that they are residents of Jakarta during session hours and most official business takes place in Jakarta as well. Therefore, the reality is that most DPD members spend a lot of time in Jakarta than in their electorates. Each member is elected for a 5-year term and this term ends once the next DPD has been sworn in.

The DPD has distinct functions to perform: –

  • proposing recommendations involving discussion and consideration concerning specific areas of the legislature.
  • overseeing an imposition of specific laws.

The DPD has the right of proposing bills to The People’s Representative Council or DPR (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) and to be involved in a debate of bills concerning Local or Regional Autonomy matters, management of natural resources and economic resources, and other issues related to the distribution of revenue between the Central Government and Regional/Local Government.

The DPD offers input to the DPR on matters concerning the Bill on the National Budget and Bills relating to taxation, education, and religion. It also provides information on the selection and appointment of members to the State Audit Board. It perceives and administers an implementation of law on Regional Autonomy. It oversees the task of creation, expansion and integration of local regions and an implementation of the National Budget, religion, taxes and an education.

An output of these observations is presented to the DPR as considerations to be monitored. Each member of DPD has the right to: –

  • propose recommendations and opinions
  • to vote and be voted for
  • finance and administration
  • protocol
  • immunity
  • self defense