Criminology is generally defined as the systematic study of the nature, extent, cause and control of behavior against the law. Criminologists work on establishing knowledge about crime and managing it based on empirical research. This study often forms the base for knowing, describing, forecasting and preventing the crime.
The scope of criminology is also quite immense, just like any other social science. It is linked to each social structure and class. In criminology, we study the following sets of facts: –
- Nature of the crime: – What are the characteristics of the crime? What type of action is the crime? How is a criminal act different from a social or moral act? Is it just the action that can be considered criminal or can motive change our description of a crime?
- Investigating the causes of crime: – Under this aspect of criminology, we study the reasons for criminal behavior. Different types of crimes have different causes. Are these differences apparent or real? Can we come up with a general theory of crime that will suffice to explain all types of crime? Are there any relationships, reverse or direct, between various crimes. These questions are studied under this heading.
- Individualized study of criminals: – How and when a criminal became a criminal? What particular event or series of events occurs that leads man to crime? In order to know all these facts, we need to study the personal lives of criminals in detail. We also need to study a life of the person in totality to understand the nature of crime and the criminal. To this end, we use what is now known as the Case History Method technique.
- Study of crime prevention and crime reform: – Crime is manifestly against the interests of society. They not only disrupt the social balance, but make life hell for the criminal as well as for those close to him. Even more, because of crime, the normal law-abiding citizen lives in fear. Therefore, it is essential to devise ways and means to prevent crime and reform criminals.
If solving mysteries and decoding complex puzzles is your favorite pastime, you might be the perfect candidate for a career in criminology. Criminology is a very fascinating course.
Majors in Criminology seek the scientific study of crime. They are interested in the social implications of crime – its causes and solutions. As a graduate in Criminology with skills in critical thinking, analysis and communication, you can be alluring to employers both inside and outside of the Criminal Justice sector.
Common Jobs for Criminology majors
- Judge: – Approximate Salary: – $1,25,000
- Criminology Lawyer: – Approximate Salary: – $1,00,000
- Forensic Psychologist: – Approximate Salary: – $75,000
- Special Agents: – Approximate Salary: – $75,000
- Criminology Professor: – Approximate Salary: – $70,000
- FBI Agent: Approximate Salary: – $65,000
- Polygraph Examiner: – Approximate Salary: – $55,000
- Criminologist: – Approximate Salary: – $60,000
- Detective and Criminal Investigators: – Approximate Salary: – $50,000
- Bounty Hunter: – Approximate Salary: – $50,000