Types of Law in the Indian Legal System

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In the constitution of India, each citizen has been given a few rights and since the rights are given, there will be encroachment of those rights also. Our legislature has acquainted different laws to ensure such rights, to civilize the general public and keep up harmony and congruity among the people. Law is fundamentally a bunch of  rules that are made and enforced by a specific country or local community through legislative or social foundations to manage the activities of its individuals.

The Indian Judicial System is developed by judges through their decisions, orders, and judgments. India has a federal legal framework which is essentially founded on blended law for example court laws,  parliamentary legislature or religious law. The Indian Judicial System is created by judges through their choices, orders, and decisions.

Types of law

Criminal law

The Criminal law has its enforcement by the police. Cases like homicide, assault, rape, burglary are managed under Criminal Law. Offenses which are perpetrated against any individual yet are viewed as being against everyone, despite the fact that it doesn’t, go under the Criminal law. For instance, on the off chance that house is burgled, the robbery is against the individual, yet it undermines all house proprietors since they may have burgled their homes. Since the view is taken that everyone is compromised by the wrongdoing this law is managed the public administrations and not by private agents.

Civil law

The Civil law is a law that looks at activities that are not the wrongdoing. It is a part of law managing disputes between individual and organizations. It covers various areas like guardianship of kids, right to schooling, defamation, divorce, trade union membership, disputes of property, claims of insurance, proprietorship issues, copyright, and so forth. For instance, an individual forcibly took over another person property without his/her authorization and not vacating it or auto collision claims of victims from the driver for misfortune or injury sustained in a mishap.

 Common law

The Common Law a is a segment of law that has been obtained from the judicial verdict of courts. It is common to all, as suggested by its name. It is also known as case law or judicial precedent or judge-made law. The decision of higher courts is binding on the lower courts but occasionally, lower courts can also decide to overturn the precedent. Example of a common law marriage is when two people have lived together for ten or more years. They have in this manner and lawful rights to share their resources as a result of it.

Statutory law

It is a law that has been set up by an act of the legislature and signed by the legislative or executive body. For state law, the acts are passed by the state legislature and signed by the state governor. In rare circumstances, the executive (President or Governor) can deny to sign the bill or reject it, which is known as a veto. The bill is proposed in the legislature and voted upon. For example, anybody violating the traffic law.