If someone is accused of breaking a state law. In fact, this is the most likely scenario, as most of the laws that apply are state laws. State courts handle the vast majority of criminal cases in the country. While it is different in each state, state courts are generally common law courts, or courts where judges often use precedent, or previous judicial decisions, to interpret state laws. They are courts of general jurisdiction, which means they hear all kinds of cases.
The judges of the state courts, depending on the state or jurisdiction, can be appointed by the governor for life as federal judges, or appointed for a limited period or elected. In fact, 90% of state judges are elected, and almost all Americans who vote have no idea who they are, but a lot of them vote for them anyway. So a judge will hear a case, which will likely be settled without a trial. You will probably just say that you are guilty, even if you are not. That’s right, probably over 90% of cases end in a guilty plea and never go to trial. But let’s say you’re lucky enough to have your case tried. Like federal courts, state courts also have federal courts, appellate courts, and supreme courts, although in some states the highest court is called something else. So let’s say you are convicted at all levels of a state court. Well, then you can appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States. But the chances of the Supreme Court hearing your case in state courts are even less likely than if it were in the federal court system.
You’ll probably need a lawyer or two or three or four to help defend yourself in the court system. That’s expensive. In fact, if you end up appealing, you expect to spend tens of thousands of dollars. For serious charges, it is even more expensive. According to one report, the cost of defending against the death penalty averaged $ 127,363.58 per case.